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History of India

The history of India is one of the grand epics of world history.
 
BY:Sarika Mehta


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Early Historic Period



  • Vedic Period:

    The Vedic Period is distinguished by the Indo-Aryan culture which was associated with the texts of Vedas, sacred to Hindus, and that were orally composed in Vedic Sanskrit. The Vedas are some of the oldest extant texts, next to those in Egypt and Mesopotamia

  • Maurya Empire:

    The Maurya Empire, ruled by the Mauryan Dynasty from 322-185 BCE .Chandragupta Maurya in Magadha (present day Bihar) and was it further thrived under Ashoka the Great.

  • The Mughal Empire:

    In 1526, Babur, a descendant of Timur and Gengis Kahn from Fergana Valler (present day Uzbekistan) swept across the Khyber Pass and established the Mughal Empire which covered modern day Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and Bangladesh. The Mughal dynasty ruled most of the Indian subcontinent till 1600; after which it went into decline after 1707 and was finally defeated during India's first war of Independence in 1857.

  • Colonial Era:

    From the 16th century, European powers such as Portugal, Netherlands, France and the United Kingdom established trading posts in India. Later, they took advantage of internal conflicts and established colonies in the country.

  • The British Rule:

    The British Rule in India began with the coming of the British East India Company in 1600 and continued till Indian independence from British rule in 1947.



  • The Indian Independence Movement and Mahatma Gandhi:

    In the 20th century Mahatma Gandhi led millions of people in a national campaign of non-violent civil disobedience to contain independence from the British. The British, whose economy had been weakened after World War 2, decided to leave India and participated in the formation of an interim government. The British Indian territories gained independence in 1947
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