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12th Lok Sabha election

Lok Sabha elections will be held from 7th April to 12th May spread over nine days in the highest number of polling days so far involving an electorate of 81.4 crore.
 
BY:Rohit Bhardwaj


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India's mammoth Lok Sabha election will start on April 7, the Election Commission announced Tuesday, kicking off a race that will pit charismatic Narendra Modi-led Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) against the ruling Congress party.

Lok Sabha elections will be held from 7th April to 12th May spread over nine days in the highest number of polling days so far involving an electorate of 81.4 crore, the Election Commission said.

Counting of votes in all the 543 Lok Sabha constituencies will be held on a single day on 16th May, Chief Election Commissioner VS Sampath announced at a press conference Instant feedback to voters through VVPAT Voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT) is a method of providing feedback to voters using a ballot less voting system. VVPAT is intended as an independent verification system for electronic voting machines that allows voters to verify that their votes are cast as intended and can serve as an additional barrier to changing or destroying votes.

Under VVPAT, a printer-like apparatus is linked to Electronic Voting Machine (EVM). When a vote is cast, a receipt is generated showing the serial number, name and symbol of the candidate. It confirms the vote and the voter can verify the details. The receipt, once viewed, goes inside a container linked to the EVM and can only be accessed by the election officers in rarest of rare cases. The system allows a voter to challenge his or her vote on basis of the paper receipt for the first time.

Assembly elections will also be held simultaneously in the states of Andhra Pradesh, including Telangana region, Odisha and Sikkim. Sampath was at pains to clarify that it is not a nine-phased polling and the whole exercise will be over in 72 days, three days less than the last elections.

The model code of conduct for parties and governments comes into force with immediate effect, he said. The first polling day on 7th April will cover six Lok Sabha constituencies in two states, while the second on 9th April will cover seven constituencies in five states.

About 92 constituencies will go to polls in 14 states on the third day on 10th April while a small number of five constituencies in three states will be covered on the fourth day on 12th April.

The largest chunk of 122 Lok Sabha seats will go to polls in 13 states on 17th April, the fifth day of poll, while the sixth day will witness polling in 117 seats in 12 states on 24th April. The seventh day of polling on 30th April will choose representatives in 89 constituencies spread over nine states and the eighth day on 7th May will cover 64 seats in seven states.

Polling will conclude on the ninth day on 12th May with elections in 41 constituencies in three states. Andhra Pradesh, which has 42 Lok Sabha seats, will go to polls on 30th April and 7th May. Elections in the respective assembly segments will be held simultaneously.

The first day of polling on 30th April will cover 17 Lok Sabha seats and 119 Assembly seats in the Telangana region and the second on 7th May will cover 25 Lok Sabha seats and 175 Assembly seats in the Seemandhra region.

Sampath explained that irrespective of the appointed day for the creation of the new state of Telangana, elections will be held in the Lok Sabha and Assembly constituencies as they exist today.

The corresponding Lok Sabha and Assembly constituencies would go to the respective states once the bifurcation process of the state is complete.

The total electorate in the country as per final published E-rolls with 1 January 2014 as the cut-off date is about 81.45 crore compared to 71.3 crore in 2009, an increase of more than 10 crore electors.

Over 2.3 crore new electors in this age group of 18 to 19 years, constituting 2.88% of total electors have been added. The last election had seen an increase of 0.75% in this age group.

The number of electors enrolled as "Others" gender that comprising transgender is 28,314. There are also 11,844 overseas electors in the current electoral rolls and another 13.28 lakh service electors.

Election schedule Arunachal Pradesh will have single day polling on 9th April to cover two constituencies, while Assam with 14 Lok Sabha seats will have a three-day poll on 7, 12 and 24th April.

Bihar with 40 constituencies will have polling on six days beginning 10, 17, 24 and 30th April and 7 and 12th May.

Naxal-hit state of Chhattisgarh will witness a three-day poll on 10, 17 and 24th April to elect 11 MPs, while the small state of Goa with two constituencies will have a single day polling on 17th April.

Gujarat (26 seats), Haryana (10) and Himachal Pradesh (4) will have a single day polling on 30th April 30, 10th April and 7th May, respectively. Kerala (20) and Karnataka (28) will also have a single day polling on 10 and 17th April respectively.

Jammu and Kashmir with six Lok Sabha seats will witness polling on five days on 10, 17, 24 and 30th April and 7th May, while Jharkhand with 14 seats will go to polls on three days - 10, 17 and 24th April.

29 seats in Madhya Pradesh and 48 seats in Maharashtra will go to polls on three days -10, 17 and 24th April.

Two seats in Manipur will go to polls on 9 and 17th April while its neighbours Meghalaya (2), Mizoram (1) and Nagaland (1) will go to polls on a single day on 9th April.

Odisha (21 LS seats) will have a two day polling on 10 and 17th April to elect 10 and 11 constituencies respectively. On the same days, assembly elections will be held on 70 and 77 assembly segments, respectively.

Punjab will have a single-day polling on 30th April to elect 13 MPs, while Tamil Nadu (39 seats) and Puducherry (1) and will go to polls on 24th April. Uttarakhand (5) will go to polls on 7th May. Voters in Rajasthan with 25 seats will exercise their franchise on 17 and 24th April to elect 20 on the first day and 5 MPs on the other day.

Sikkim's lone Lok Sabha seat will go to polls on 12th April while simultaneously electing its 32-member Assembly. Tripura with two seats will witness a two-day poll on 7 and 12th April while heartland Uttar Pradesh will choose 80 MPs on six days on 10, 17, 24 and 30th April and 7 and 12th May.

West Bengal will go to polls on five days to elect 42 MPs on 17, 24 and 30th April and 7 and 12th May.

NCT of Delhi with seven seats will have a single day poll on 10th April. Likewise the Union Territories of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Chandigarh and Lakshadweep will choose their lone representatives on 10th April, while Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu will elect their sole representatives on 30th April.
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